Sonochemistry under an applied magnetic field: Determining the shape of a magnetic particle

T. Prozorov, R. Prozorov, Yu Koltypin, I. Felner, A. Gedanken

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

37 Scopus citations


The sonochemical irradiation of Fe(CO)5 solution in Decalin has been carried out with and without an external magnetic field. Direct TEM measurements reveal that the sample obtained without a magnetic field consists of spongelike particles with a mean size of about 25 nm, whereas the sample synthesized in a 7 kG magnetic field consists of highly acicular particles of 50 nm in length and 5 nm in width. Our finding sheds light on the process of particle nucleation during sonication, which cannot be a diffusion-assisted growth because of the very small time scale. We conclude, therefore, that particles are forced to form an acicular entity by direct magnetic interactions. The amorphous nature of the as-prepared substance was verified by X-ray diffraction, selected area electron diffraction, and differential scanning calorimetry. The magnetic moment vs temperature measurements and Mössbauer spectroscopy reveal a large shift of the blocking temperature of about 70 K toward higher temperatures for the sample obtained in magnetic field. We attribute the observed shift to the significant enhancement of the particle shape magnetic anisotropy.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)10165-10168
Number of pages4
JournalJournal of Physical Chemistry B
Issue number50
StatePublished - 10 Dec 1998


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