Sonochemical Preparation and Characterization of Ultrafine Chromium Oxide and Manganese Oxide Powders

N. Arul Dhas, Y. Koltypin, A. Gedanken

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Abstract

Ultrafine powders of chromium oxide (Cr2O3) and manganese oxide (Mn2O3) have been prepared at room temperature by the sonochemical reduction of an aqueous solution containing ammonium dichromate [(NH4)2Cr2O7] and potassium permanganate (KMnO4), respectively. The yield of the sonochemical reduction has been enhanced by raising the reaction temperature or by using an aqueous solution of ethanol (0.1 M). The solid oxide residue formed on insonation has been characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD), infrared spectroscopy (IR), differential scanning calorimetry (DSC), elemental analysis, electron microscopy (TEM, SEM/EDX), powder density, particle size (adsorption and microscopy), and BET surface area measurements. The powders are nanosized (50-200 nm), and the surface area varies from 35 to 48 m2/g. The as-formed X-ray amorphous Mn2O3 and Cr2O3 powders were converted into crystalline form by heating them at 600 and 900 K, for 4 h, respectively.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3159-3163
Number of pages5
JournalChemistry of Materials
Volume9
Issue number12
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1997

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