Sonication-Assisted Synthesis of Bimetallic Hg/Pd Alloy Nanoparticles for Catalytic Reduction of Nitrophenol and its Derivatives

Villa Krishna Harika, Hari Krishna Sadhanala, Ilana Perelshtein, Aharon Gedanken

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In this article, we report a facile approach for the synthesis of an inexpensive catalyst of bimetallic Hg/Pd alloys comprising nanoparticles with various structures using a unique ultrasonic reaction that is conducted without the use of any reducing agent. The nanoparticles of Hg/Pd alloys (HgPd and Hg2Pd5) were achieved for the first time by sonicating an aqueous solution of Palladium (II) nitrate with metallic liquid mercury, as evidenced by XRD. EDS further confirmed the presence of Pd and Hg elements in the alloy. The surface morphology and structure of the nanoparticles have been systematically investigated by HRSEM, HRTEM and SAED pattern. In order to explore the catalytic activity of the as-synthesized nanoalloys, the catalytic reduction of 4-nitrophenol and a few other nitrophenol derivatives were investigated. Excellent catalytic activity was obtained for Hg/Pd (1:1) alloy, and the rate constant for the reduction of 4-NP with Hg/Pd at room temperature was found to be 58.4 × 10−3 s−1, which is possibly the highest ever reported. The catalyst exhibited superior stability and reusability when compared with those reported in the literature for other catalysts based on noble metals.

Original languageEnglish
Article number104804
JournalUltrasonics Sonochemistry
StatePublished - Jan 2020

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
The authors acknowledge Netanel Shpigel and Dr. Tirupathi Rao Penki for helpful discussions.

Publisher Copyright:
© 2019 Elsevier B.V.


  • 4-Nitro phenol reduction
  • Catalytic reduction
  • Pd/Hg alloys
  • Sonochemistry


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