Social club sociability as a model for national solidarity

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Whereas theorists of nationalism often consider mass solidarity to be an abstract relation between strangers, this essay presents a new theoretical approach for studying national solidarity through the prism of friendship and sociability. Building on Simmel's relational approach and Neo-Durkheimian accounts of intermediate associations, it is argued that modern institutions operate as social clubs of sorts where unaffiliated strangers can transform into friends. Drawing on a range of examples ranging from the mass army and Masonic lodges to interactive media, it is shown how social club sociability engenders a form of "public intimacy" that extends feelings of familiarity, exclusivity, and loyalty to wider society. The growing segmentation and differentiation of institutional life place increasing demands on individuals to successfully transform strangers into friends. This competence carries symbolic meanings and is part of what enables a mass society to be continuingly imagined as a nation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-36
Number of pages36
JournalAmerican Journal of Cultural Sociology
Issue number1
StatePublished - 1 Feb 2018

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2016 Macmillan Publishers Ltd.


  • civil society
  • friendship
  • interactions
  • nationalism
  • sociability
  • social ties
  • strangers


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