Social Anxiety and Shame Among Young Adults with Autism Spectrum Disorder Compared to Typical Adults

Meyrav Gaziel-Guttman, David Anaki, Nira Mashal

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations

Abstract

Social anxiety (SA) is common among young adults with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). While shame feelings predict SA among typical adults, the relationship between shame and SA in ASD remains unclear. The current study compared the relationship between SA and shame in ASD. SA, shame, and autistic self-assessment questionnaires were administered to 33 young adults with ASD (28 M/5F) and 38 typical young adults (32 M/6F, Mage = 24 years, range = 20–28 in both groups). Results showed higher SA levels in ASD than typical adults, but lower levels of shame characteristics in the former than in the latter group. Moreover, a significant moderation model showed that some aspects of shame were related to SA only in the typical group but not in ASD.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2490-2498
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
Volume53
Issue number6
Early online date8 Apr 2022
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 2023

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2022, The Author(s), under exclusive licence to Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature.

Keywords

  • Autism spectrum disorder
  • Shame
  • Social anxiety
  • Social integration

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