BACKGROUND: Human milk lactation provides health benefits for both the mother and infant. Patients commonly report stopping breastfeeding sooner than they planned. Interventions with proper accessible counseling and support to the mother can potentially increase lactation rates and duration. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to investigate the impact of introducing a smartphone-based daily feedback and counseling platform between women after delivery and a multidisciplinary lactation support team on lactation rates and various maternal and neonatal outcomes. Counseling was provided via a specifically developed application from a multidisciplinary team (obstetricians, nurses, lactation counselors, and psychologist) in an attempt to assist and counsel to maintain lactation. STUDY DESIGN: This was a prospective, single-center, randomized controlled trial. Women planning to lactate were recruited at postpartum day 1 and were randomized to (1) routine lactation counseling and support (control group) or (2) additional daily detailed counseling and feedback on lactation from the team via the application (App group). The primary outcome was partial or full lactation at 3 months after delivery. The secondary outcomes included lactation at additional time points up to 6 months after delivery. The study was adequately powered to detect a 15% difference in the primary outcome. RESULTS: A total of 197 patients were recruited, 97 in the App group and 100 in the control group. The 2 groups did not differ in any background or delivery characteristics. The App group showed higher rates of lactation 6 weeks after delivery (96.9% vs 82.0%; P<.001) and 3 months after delivery (81.4% vs 69.0%; P=.049) than the control group. Patients in the App group reported excellent satisfaction from the use of the application and their overall postnatal care. CONCLUSION: Our study has provided further information on the growing efficacy of technology platforms in obstetrical care. The introduction of a smartphone-based daily feedback and counseling platform between postpartum patients and a multidisciplinary lactation support team increased the lactation rates after delivery with excellent patient satisfaction.
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- multidisciplinary counseling