Slowly Relaxing Local Structure Analysis of 15N Relaxation from the Proteins p50 and Human Neutrophil Gelatinase-Associated Lipocalin: New Insights into the Dynamic Structure of β-Barrel Proteins

Netanel Mendelman, Eva Meirovitch

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Nuclear magnetic resonance relaxation analysis is a powerful method for studying the internal mobility of proteins. We have developed for analysis the slowly relaxing local structure (SRLS) approach. SRLS is general in its nature in several respects, including the tensorial representation of the physical quantities comprising the dynamic model. By controlling tensor symmetry, a broad range of systems can be treated with physical relevance, typically with data-fitting techniques. In simple limits, SRLS yields the traditional model-free (MF) method. In the present context, MF simplicity means featuring the highest possible tensor symmetry. This renders MF-based data-fitting susceptible to the usage of fit parameters, yielding physically ill-defined results. A typical candidate is the Rexterm, devised to represent ms-μs motions but often invoked by the fitting scheme just to improve the statistics. Here, we consider two such cases using the N-H bond as probe and the proteins p50 and human neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin as paradigm systems. We illustrate the harm caused by the physically unjustified involvement of Rexin MF-based 15N relaxation analysis. Then, we show that forgoing the usage of Rex, SRLS analysis of the very same experimental data provides interesting new information.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)6191-6198
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Physical Chemistry B
Volume126
Issue number33
DOIs
StatePublished - 25 Aug 2022

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