Roentgenography provides several different types of information of age at death, for example osteometric measurements (i.e. measurements of length and breadth of bones and their cortical thickness) and osteographic scores (entailing descriptive criteria of bone age). Using roentgenography, the bone remains of hands of two prehistoric skeletons, Kebara 2 (60 000 years BP) and Ohalo 2 (19 000 years BP) were assessed for age at death. The data of osteometric measurements and osteographic scores agreed well with other methods of age appreciation (e.g. dental, pelvic, sternal rib approach): 32 years for Kebara 2 and 35 years for Ohalo 2. We recommend the use of different roentgenographic methods, e.g. osteometric measurements and osteographic scores, in addition to other methods for prediction of age at death in skeletal populations. The major advantage of this procedure is its non-invasiveness and the abundance of information it provided.
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The authors would like to thank Dr I. Hershkovitz for providing access to Ohalo 2 specimen, Professor M. Goldstein for English language revision, and Mr A. Pinchasov for the excellent pictures. This study was partly supported by The Marcel and Lily Pollak Chair, Tel Aviv, Israel, and by a Grant from the National Center for Cooperation between Science and Archaeology, Rehovot, Israel.