Sino-nasal outcome test–22: Cross-cultural adaptation and validation in Russian speaking patients

Netanel Eisenbach, Sofi Matot, Achia Nemet, Eyal Sela, Tal Marshak, Ohad Ronen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

8 Scopus citations


Background: Chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS) is a relatively common disease, which significantly affects the patient's quality of life (QoL). Sino-Nasal Outcome Test–22 (SNOT-22) is a QoL questionnaire, which allows quantifying patients' complaints. Our aim was to translate and validated the SNOT-22 into the Russian language. Methods: Translation and validation of SNOT-22 questionnaire was performed through forward-backward translation technique. After proper translation, the translated questionnaire was completed by CRS patients before and after endoscopic sinus surgery (ESS) and by healthy individuals as controls. Results: Thirty-four native Russian-speaking CRS patients completed the Russian version of the SNOT-22 questionnaire before and after ESS. The internal consistency for reliability assessment was very good (mean Cronbach's alpha = 0.816 for CRS patients). Mean scores for the preoperative, postoperative and control groups were 67.6, 18.1 and 9.2, respectively (P '.001), showing validity and responsiveness of the questionnaire. Conclusion: The Russian version of the SNOT-22 questionnaire is a valid outcome measure for patients with CRS.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)350-356
Number of pages7
JournalClinical Otolaryngology
Issue number3
StatePublished - 1 May 2020

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2020 John Wiley & Sons Ltd


We wish to thank Orly Yakir for the statistical analysis and Mrs. Tobie Kuritsky for the editorial assistance. The article was written as part of the requirements of the Azrieli Faculty of Medicine, Bar-Ilan University, Safed, Israel, for an MD degree of SM. This study was presented at the annual meeting of the Israeli Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery Society in March 2019.

FundersFunder number
Azrieli Faculty of Medicine, Bar-Ilan University


    • Russian
    • SNOT-22
    • chronic rhinosinusitis
    • quality of life
    • sinusitis


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