Silver nanowires have been investigated as a catalytic cathode material for lithium-oxygen batteries. Their high aspect ratio contributes to the formation of a corn-shaped layer structure of the poorly crystalline lithium peroxide (Li2O2) nanoparticles produced by oxygen reduction in poly-ether based electrolyte solutions. The nanowire morphology seems to provide the necessary large contact area and facile electron supply for a very effective oxygen reduction reaction. The unique morphology and structure of the Li2O2 deposits and the catalytic nature of the silver nano-wires promote decomposition of Li2O2 at low potentials (below 3.4 V) upon the oxygen evolution. This situation avoids decomposition of the solution species and oxidation of the electrodes during the anodic (charge) reactions, leading to high electrical efficiently of lithium-oxygen batteries.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This work was supported by the Human Resources Development program (No. 20154010200840 ) of the Korea Institute of Energy Technology Evaluation and Planning (KETEP) grant funded by the Korea government Ministry of Trade, Industry and Energy , and also supported by the Global Frontier R&D Program ( 2013M3A6B1078875 ) on Center for Hybrid Interface Materials (HIM) funded by the Ministry of Science, ICT & Future Planning .
© 2016 Elsevier B.V.All rights reserved.
- Lithium peroxide
- Lithium-oxygen battery
- Oxygen evolution reaction
- Silver nanowires