Silver and gold doped hydroxyapatite nanocomposites for enhanced bone regeneration

Vijay Bhooshan Kumar, Deepak Kumar Khajuria, David Karasik, Aharon Gedanken

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

26 Scopus citations

Abstract

We report the osteogenic potential of silver (Ag), gold (Au), or silver-gold doped hydroxyapatite nanoparticles (Ag-Au-HA) in zebrafish (ZF) jawbone regeneration (JBR) model. The hydroxyapatite (HA, Ca10(PO4)6(OH)2), Ag-HA, Au-HA, and Ag-Au-HA nanomaterials were synthesized by the co-precipitation procedure. The surface structures of Ag-HA, Au-HA, HA, and Ag-Au-HA were analysed by scanning electron microscopy, transmission-electron microscopy (TEM), X-ray diffraction, Fourier transform infrared (FTIR), UV-vis, energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDS), elemental mapping, and laser fluorescent spectroscopy. The TEM and EDS analysis confirmed that the Ag and Au are associated with the surface of HA nanoparticle. The chemical structure of HA, Ag-HA, Au-HA, and Ag-Au-HA nanoparticles was validated by FTIR and EDS analysis. We observed that Ag and Au are associated with HA nanoparticles by electrostatic, wander wall, and electrostatic and H-bonding interaction. The effect of Ag-HA, Au-HA, and Ag-Au-HA nanoparticles on bone regeneration was confirmed by ZF JBR model. The significant growth of ZF bone regeneration was observed in Ag-Au-HA nanoparticles as compared with HA, Ag-HA, and Au-HA nanoparticles. These results indicating a therapeutic potential of Ag-Au-HA compositions suggest these nanomaterials would be excellent for bone regeneration and fracture healing.

Original languageEnglish
Article number055002
JournalBiomedical Materials (Bristol)
Volume14
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - 8 Jul 2019

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2019 IOP Publishing Ltd.

Keywords

  • bone regenaration
  • hydroxyapatite
  • nanoparticles
  • silver
  • zebrafish

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