Short-Term (30-Day) Morbidity of Biliopancreatic Diversion Compared to Roux-en-Y Gastric Bypass as Revisional Procedures for Failed Vertical Banded Gastroplasty

Ahmad Mahajna, Daniel Dubin, Miriam Obeid, Nasser Sakran, Ahmad Assalia

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: Silastic ring vertical gastroplasty (SRVG) and vertical banded gastroplasty (VBG) are associated with a high failure rate due to weight regain and complications at long-term follow-up. Consequently, surgical correction for such procedures is warranted. Controversy exists as to which surgical procedure is the ideal choice for such correction. Our aim is to compare short-term outcome of Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) and biliopancreatic diversion (BPD) repair for failed VBG/SRVG bariatric procedures. Methods: The medical records of patients with failed SRVG who underwent corrective procedures at our institute between 2004 and 2018 were retrospectively reviewed. Patients characteristics, surgical approaches, and intraoperative and post-operative complications were examined and compared. Results: Sixty patients in total underwent a surgical corrective procedure for failed SRVG. Thirty-one patients underwent RYGB, and 29 patients underwent BPD. Major complications were seen more in the RYGB group (35% = 11) compared to the BPD (6.9% = 2). Even though anastomotic leak rates were not statistically significant (p = 0.053), an apparent tendency for such a complication was noted in the RYGB group. RYGB procedure had an increased 30-day complication rate (p = 0.055) compared to RYGB. Laparoscopic approach had statistically fewer complications than open approach. No mortality was observed in either group. Conclusion: Our study showed that BPD is a safe option with less complication rates than RYGB in the short-term period for surgical correction of failed VBG/SRVG procedures. Graphical abstract: [Figure not available: see fulltext.].

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)761-768
Number of pages8
JournalObesity Surgery
Volume33
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 2023

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2023, The Author(s), under exclusive licence to Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature.

Keywords

  • BPD
  • Bariatric surgery
  • Complications
  • Revisional surgery
  • Roux-en-Y gastric bypass
  • Silastic ring vertical gastroplasty (SRVG)
  • Vertical banded gastroplasty (VBG)

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