Shifts in Behavioral Synchrony in Response to an Interaction Partner’s Distress in Adolescents With and Without ASD

Ester Zadok, Ilanit Gordon, Roni Navon, Shai Joseph Rabin, Ofer Golan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations

Abstract

Individuals with Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) show altered behavioral synchrony and empathic behavior. Yet, an ecologically valid examination of these in adolescents is still required. We employed a social interaction sequence comprising a friendly conversation with a confederate, an expression of distress by her, and a return to friendly conversation. 44 male adolescents (22 with ASD) participated. Socio-emotional behaviors, coded by blind raters and through automated analyses of motion, were analyzed. Results indicated reduced synchrony in the ASD group. Moreover, whereas controls displayed a decrease in synchrony when facing another’s distress, adolescents with ASD showed no such change. No group differences were found on empathic behavior. Findings imply gaps between verbal and non-verbal responses of adolescents with ASD to a distressed interaction partner.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)4261-4273
Number of pages13
JournalJournal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
Volume52
Issue number10
Early online dateOct 2021
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 2022

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2021, The Author(s), under exclusive licence to Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature.

Keywords

  • Adolescence
  • Autism spectrum disorder
  • Behavioral synchrony
  • Motion energy analysis
  • Prosocial behavior

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