Settlement Processes in the Territorium of Roman Jerusalem (Aelia Capitolina)

B. Zissu, E. Klein, A. Kloner

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterpeer-review


Hadrian founded Aelia Capitolina on the ruins of Jerusalem as a colonia civium Romanorum. Following the
failure of the Second Jewish Revolt against Rome (also known as the Bar Kokhba Revolt - 132-136 CE), and
due to the large extent of the destruction of the Jewish settlement in Judea as a result of this revolt, most of
the region was left devoid of Jews. The territorium of the newly founded city was settled by Roman army
veterans, apparently originating from the western part of the empire. They settled in luxurious estates built
according to Roman standards. These estates were the main settlement pattern in the territorium, different in
terms of material culture from the typical Jewish villages that existed prior to 136 CE.
Original languageAmerican English
Title of host publicationXVIII CIAC: Centre and Periphery in the Ancient World (Section 2: Landscape Archaeology and Natural Resources)
EditorsJose Maria Alvaretz Martines, Trinidad Nogales Basarrate, Isabel Roda de Llanza
PublisherCentre and Periphery in the Ancient World
StatePublished - 2014


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