Serum inorganic phosphorus levels predict 30-day mortality in patients with community acquired pneumonia

Mohammad E. Naffaa, Mona Mustafa, Mohje Azzam, Roni Nasser, Nizar Andria, Zaher S. Azzam, Eyal Braun

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18 Scopus citations


Background: Community acquired pneumonia is a major cause of morbidity and mortality. The association between serum phosphorus levels on admission and the outcome of patients with community acquired pneumonia has not been widely examined. We aimed to investigate the prognostic value of serum phosphorus levels on admission on the 30- day mortality. Methods: The cohort included patients of 18 years old or older who were diagnosed with community acquired pneumonia between 2006 and 2012. Patients were retrospectively analyzed to identify risk factors for a primary endpoint of 30-day mortality. Binary logistic regression analysis was used for the calculation of the odds ratios (OR) and p values in bivariate and multivariate analysis to identify association between patients' characteristic and 30-day mortality. Results: The cohort included 3894 patients. In multivariate regression analysis, variables associated with increased risk of 30-day mortality included: age >80 years, increased CURB-65 score, RDW >15, hypernatremia >150 mmol/l, hypoalbuminemia <2 gr/dl and abnormal levels of phosphorus. Levels of <1.5 mg/dl and >4.5 mg/dl were significantly associated with excess 30-day mortality, 38 % (OR 2.9, CI 1.8-4.9, P = 0.001) and 39 % (OR 3.4, CI 2.7-4.2, P = 0.001), respectively. Phosphorus levels within the upper normal limits (4-4.5 mg/dl) were associated with higher mortality rates compared to levels between 1.5-3.5 mg/dl, the reference group, 24 % (OR 1.9, CI 1.5-2.4, P = 0.001). Conclusions: Abnormal phosphorus levels on admission are associated with increased mortality rates among patients hospitalized with Community acquired pneumonia.

Original languageEnglish
Article number332
JournalBMC Infectious Diseases
Issue number1
StatePublished - 13 Aug 2015
Externally publishedYes

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© 2015 Naffaa et al.


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