Serum Galactomannan Screening for Diagnosis of Invasive Pulmonary Aspergillosis in Children after Stem Cell Transplantation or with High-Risk Leukemia

Aharon Gefen, Irina Zaidman, Yael Shachor-Meyouhas, Israela Avidor, Fahed Hakim, Myriam Weyl Ben-Arush, Imad Kassis

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

14 Scopus citations

Abstract

Both transplanted and leukemia patients are at high risk (HR) for invasive pulmonary aspergillosis (IPA). Methods for rapid diagnosis are crucial. Our objective was to investigate the impact of serial serum galactomannan assay (GMA) screening on IPA diagnosis in children. Between January 2010 and December 2011, all children following stem cell transplantation (SCT) or with HR leukemia were prospectively included. Serum samples for GMA were taken once-twice weekly. Results >.5 were considered positive. Patients suspected of having IPA were stratified as possible, probable, and definite. Forty-six children (median age, 8 years) were included, 38 after SCT (32 allogeneic), 8 with HR leukemia. A total of 510 samples were taken; screening period was 1-6 months for 34 patients. GMA was negative in 28 patients, all but one without suspicion of IPA. Eighteen patients had positive GMA: while four (22%) were upgraded to probable IPA, fourteen (78%) were considered as false positives (FP), some associated with piperacillin-tazobactam treatment. GMA sensitivity and specificity were 0.8 and 0.66, respectively; positive- and negative-predictive values (PPV, NPV) were 0.22 and 0.96, respectively. GMA may have a role in evaluating HR children for IPA. Both NPV and FP rates are high. The cost benefit of early detection versus over-diagnosis should be further studied.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)146-152
Number of pages7
JournalPediatric Hematology and Oncology
Volume32
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 2015
Externally publishedYes

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
Copyright © 2015 Informa Healthcare USA, Inc.

Keywords

  • children
  • galactomannan
  • hematopoietic stem cell transplantation
  • invasive pulmonary aspergillosis

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