Seroprevalence of SARS-CoV-2 among Healthcare Workers: A Prospective Study

Carmel Kasher, Orit Rozenberg, Anna Yanovskay, Hana Kahanov-Edelstein, Bibiana Chazan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: Healthcare workers (HCWs) have close interaction with confirmed or suspected coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) patients. Infection rates reported among HCWs are between 3% and 17%, and asymptomatic HCWs are a potential source of nosocomial transmission to vulnerable patients and colleagues. Universal mask use and good supply of personal protective equipment was implemented early at our institution. Objectives: To determine the rate of infection by the serologic status of HCWs during first three COVID-19 waves, based on occupation and risk of exposure, compared to Israeli general population. Methods: We conducted a prospective cohort study at Emek Medical Center from April 2020 to April 2021. A total of 101 HCWs volunteered to be followed at six time points by a serology test and a questionnaire. Results: A total of 101 HCWs completed six serologic tests. All participants were seronegative at the four initial tests. The cumulative seropositivity rate for COVID-19 in HCWs was 9.9% (10/101). Only three seropositive HCWs (2.97%) were hospital-acquired. Conclusions: Seroprevalence and seroconversion dynamics of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 infection in 101 HCWs during the first three COVID-19 outbreaks at Emek Medical Center were similar to the epidemiological curve of positive polymerase chain reaction results of the Israeli population, as published by the Israeli Ministry of Health, at each time point. Universal mask use and infection control measures may have contributed to a low hospital infection rate.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)284-288
Number of pages5
JournalIsrael Medical Association Journal
Volume24
Issue number5
StatePublished - 1 May 2022
Externally publishedYes

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2022 Israel Medical Association. All rights reserved.

Keywords

  • asymptomatic healthcare workers and hospital-acquired SARSCoV-2
  • hospital-acquired SARS-CoV-2
  • personal protective equipment (PPE)
  • SARS-CoV-2 and healthcare workers
  • SARSCoV-2
  • surgical masks

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