Sequential computation of elementary modes and minimal cut sets in genome-scale metabolic networks using alternate integer linear programming

Hyun Seob Song, Noam Goldberg, Ashutosh Mahajan, Doraiswami Ramkrishna

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

9 Scopus citations

Abstract

Motivation: Elementary (flux) modes (EMs) have served as a valuable tool for investigating structural and functional properties of metabolic networks. Identification of the full set of EMs in genome-scale networks remains challenging due to combinatorial explosion of EMs in complex networks. It is often, however, that only a small subset of relevant EMs needs to be known, for which optimization-based sequential computation is a useful alternative. Most of the currently available methods along this line are based on the iterative use of mixed integer linear programming (MILP), the effectiveness of which significantly deteriorates as the number of iterations builds up. To alleviate the computational burden associated with the MILP implementation, we here present a novel optimization algorithm termed alternate integer linear programming (AILP). Results: Our algorithm was designed to iteratively solve a pair of integer programming (IP) and linear programming (LP) to compute EMs in a sequential manner. In each step, the IP identifies a minimal subset of reactions, the deletion of which disables all previously identified EMs. Thus, a subsequent LP solution subject to this reaction deletion constraint becomes a distinct EM. In cases where no feasible LP solution is available, IP-derived reaction deletion sets represent minimal cut sets (MCSs). Despite the additional computation of MCSs, AILP achieved significant time reduction in computing EMs by orders of magnitude. The proposed AILP algorithm not only offers a computational advantage in the EM analysis of genome-scale networks, but also improves the understanding of the linkage between EMs and MCSs.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2345-2353
Number of pages9
JournalBioinformatics
Volume33
Issue number15
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Aug 2017

Bibliographical note

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© The Author 2017. Published by Oxford University Press. All rights reserved.

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