Sentence context and lexical ambiguity resolution by the two hemispheres

Miriam Faust, Christine Chiarello

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

137 Scopus citations

Abstract

A lexical decision experiment investigated hemisphere asymmetries in resolving lexical ambiguity within a sentence context. Sentences that biased a single meaning (either dominant or subordinate) of sentence-final ambiguous words were followed by a lateralized target related to the sentence-congruent or -incongruent meaning of the ambiguous word, or an unrelated word. In the RVF sentence-congruent targets were facilitated, while incongruent targets were not primed. In contrast, related targets were facilitated in the LVF, regardless of sentence context. This suggests that selecting the contextually appropriate word meaning requires the left hemisphere, and supports a right hemisphere role in maintaining alternate word senses.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)827-835
Number of pages9
JournalNeuropsychologia
Volume36
Issue number9
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Sep 1998

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
—This research was supported by grant 94-00112 from the U.S.-Israel Binational Science Foundation. The preparation of this manuscript was facilitated by a James McKeen Cattell Fund Sabbatical Award to the second author.

Funding

—This research was supported by grant 94-00112 from the U.S.-Israel Binational Science Foundation. The preparation of this manuscript was facilitated by a James McKeen Cattell Fund Sabbatical Award to the second author.

FundersFunder number
United States-Israel Binational Science Foundation

    Keywords

    • Ambiguity
    • Cerebral asymmetries
    • Lexical decision
    • Sentence priming

    Fingerprint

    Dive into the research topics of 'Sentence context and lexical ambiguity resolution by the two hemispheres'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

    Cite this