Self-stigma, insight, and family burden among Israeli mothers of people with serious mental illness: Ethno-national considerations

Yaara Zisman-Ilani, Ilanit Hasson-Ohayon, Itamar Levy-Frank, Rivka Tuval-Mashiach, David Roe

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

9 Scopus citations

Abstract

The current cross-sectional study investigated and compared the associations between insight, self-stigma, and family burden among Jewish and Arab mothers of an adult son or daughter with serious mental illness (SMI) in Israel. A total of 162 Israeli mothers of a person with SMI participated in the study; 95 were Jewish (58.6%), and 67 were Arab (41.4%). Insight, self-stigma, and family burden scales were administered. Jewish mothers reported higher levels of insight into their son's or daughter's illness and reported greater family burden compared to Arab mothers. No significant differences in self-stigma scores were found between Jewish and Arab mothers. The pattern of associations between insight, self-stigma, and burden differed between Jewish and Arab mothers. Self-stigma was found to mediate the relationship between insight and burden among Jewish mothers but not among Arab mothers. Ethno-national affiliation should be taken into consideration regarding how family members conceptualize and experience mental illness, as this might affect care.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)423-441
Number of pages19
JournalTranscultural Psychiatry
Volume54
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 2017

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© The Author(s) 2017.

Keywords

  • ethno-national affiliation
  • family burden
  • insight
  • self-stigma
  • serious mental illness

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