Self-stigma in psychotic disorders: Clinical, cognitive, and functional correlates in a diverse sample

Marcelo L. Schwarzbold, Robert S. Kern, Derek M. Novacek, Jessica E. McGovern, Lauren T. Catalano, Michael F. Green

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

9 Scopus citations

Abstract

Self-stigma in mental illness is linked to negative clinical and functional outcomes, but little is known about its correlates specifically in psychotic disorders. Here we investigated the role of clinical symptoms, cognition, and vocational status as correlates of self-stigma in 98 individuals with psychotic disorders (36 Black American, 32 White Hispanic, 11 White Non-Hispanic, 11 Asian American). A principal component analysis of the Internalized Stigma of Mental Illness scale yielded three components: Experiential Stigma, Stereotype Endorsement, and Stigma Resistance. Higher Experiential Stigma was associated with greater severity of affective symptoms and lower vocational status. Higher Stigma Resistance was associated with higher social and non-social cognition, and higher vocational status. Stereotype Endorsement did not significantly correlate with any predictor variable. Linear regression models showed that 13% of the variance in Experiential Stigma was explained by affective symptoms and vocational status, and 20% of the variance in Stigma Resistance was explained by non-social cognition and vocational status. These findings provide new information about the correlates of self-stigma in an ethnically and racially diverse psychotic disorder sample. Such information may lead to a better understanding of self-stigma mechanisms in this population.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)145-150
Number of pages6
JournalSchizophrenia Research
Volume228
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 2021
Externally publishedYes

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2020 Elsevier B.V.

Keywords

  • Internalized stigma
  • Non-social cognition
  • Schizophrenia
  • Social cognition
  • Stigma resistance
  • Vocational status

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