Self-Regulated Learning and Motivation Among Gifted and High-Achieving Students in Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics Disciplines: Examining Differences Between Students From Diverse Socioeconomic Levels

Nurit Paz-Baruch, Hnade Hazema

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Scopus citations

Abstract

Self-regulated learning (SRL) is an active process that assists students in managing their thoughts, behaviors, and emotions to navigate their learning experiences successfully. The study examined the differences in motivation and SRL between gifted and high achievers (GHAs) and typical achievers (TAs) in science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) disciplines by addressing the contribution of socioeconomic status (SES). A sample of 151 students in 11th and 12th grades from two high schools in Israel were divided into four study groups based on their general intelligence, school grades, and SES. Participants completed SRL and motivation questionnaires. The results indicated that among GHAs, all motivation measures were significantly higher than those of TAs, especially among students from low-SES environments. GHA students reported using more SRL strategies than TA students regarding organization, metacognition, time and learning environment, peer learning, and effort regulation. Students from low-SES environments reported using more organization strategies than those from high-SES environments, whereas TA students surpassed their GHA counterparts in critical thinking.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)34-76
Number of pages43
JournalJournal for the Education of the Gifted
Volume46
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 2023

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© The Author(s) 2023.

Keywords

  • giftedness
  • motivation
  • science, technology, engineering, and mathematics disciplines
  • self-regulated learning

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