Self-Healing Inside APbBr3 Halide Perovskite Crystals

Davide Raffaele Ceratti, Yevgeny Rakita, Llorenç Cremonesi, Ron Tenne, Vyacheslav Kalchenko, Michael Elbaum, Dan Oron, Marco Alberto Carlo Potenza, Gary Hodes, David Cahen

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148 Scopus citations


Self-healing, where a modification in some parameter is reversed with time without any external intervention, is one of the particularly interesting properties of halide perovskites. While there are a number of studies showing such self-healing in perovskites, they all are carried out on thin films, where the interface between the perovskite and another phase (including the ambient) is often a dominating and interfering factor in the process. Here, self-healing in perovskite (methylammonium, formamidinium, and cesium lead bromide (MAPbBr3, FAPbBr3, and CsPbBr3)) single crystals is reported, using two-photon microscopy to create damage (photobleaching) ≈110 µm inside the crystals and to monitor the recovery of photoluminescence after the damage. Self-healing occurs in all three perovskites with FAPbBr3 the fastest (≈1 h) and CsPbBr3 the slowest (tens of hours) to recover. This behavior, different from surface-dominated stability trends, is typical of the bulk and is strongly dependent on the localization of degradation products not far from the site of the damage. The mechanism of self-healing is discussed with the possible participation of polybromide species. It provides a closed chemical cycle and does not necessarily involve defect or ion migration phenomena that are often proposed to explain reversible phenomena in halide perovskites.

Original languageEnglish
Article number1706273
JournalAdvanced Materials
Issue number10
StatePublished - 8 Mar 2018
Externally publishedYes

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2018 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim


The authors thank T. Bigdary (division of research service of the Weizmann Institute of Science, Rehovot, Israel) and Giorgio Salama Robino (Handy Dandy Design, Milan, Italy) for the precious contribution to the realization of the journal cover. The authors thank L. Roitmann (Zeiss Israel), S. Reif (AMMO E. Ltd.), I. Kaplan-Ashiri, and E. Klein (WIS) for their help with the 2P confocal microscope, Ti:sapphire laser, and SEM microscope, respectively. D.R.C. and G.H. thank the Weizmann Institute’s SAERI, and D.C. thanks the Ullmann family foundation for partial funding. D.C. held the Schaefer Chair in Energy Research. Y.R. acknowledges a Perlman research grant for student-initiated research in chemistry for partial support. We thank Michael Toney for valuable advice on neutron diffraction data of the halide perovskites.

FundersFunder number
Ullmann Family Foundation
Weizmann Institute’s SAERI


    • bleaching
    • halide perovskites
    • photoluminescence
    • self-healing
    • self-repair


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