Self- and Co-regulation of Anger and Fear in Preschoolers with Autism Spectrum Disorders: The Role of Maternal Parenting Style and Temperament

Yael Hirschler-Guttenberg, Ruth Feldman, Sharon Ostfeld-Etzion, Nathaniel Laor, Ofer Golan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

30 Scopus citations

Abstract

Emotion regulation (ER) difficulties are a major concern in children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). Maternal temperament and parenting style have significant effects on children’s ER. However, these effects have not been studied in children with ASD. Forty preschoolers with ASD and their mothers and forty matched controls engaged in fear and anger ER paradigms, micro-coded for child self- and co-regulatory behaviors and parent’s regulation-facilitation. Mothers’ parenting style and temperament were self-reported. In the ASD group only, maternal authoritarian style predicted higher self-regulation and lower co-regulation of anger and maternal authoritative style predicted higher self-regulation of fear. Maternal temperament did not predict child’s ER. Findings emphasize the importance of maternal flexible parenting style in facilitating ER among children with ASD.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3004-3014
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
Volume45
Issue number9
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Sep 2015

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2015, Springer Science+Business Media New York.

Funding

The authors wish to thank the participants and their families. The study was supported by the Association for Children at Risk, Givat-Shmuel, Israel.

FundersFunder number
Association for Children

    Keywords

    • Autism spectrum disorder
    • Emotion regulation
    • Maternal temperament
    • Parenting style
    • Preschool children

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