Selective Carbon Dioxide Capture Using Silica-Supported Polyaminals

Marimuthu Senthilkumaran, Chokalingam Saravanan, Lakshmanan Eswaran, Pillaiyar Puthiaraj, Paulpandian Muthu Mareeswaran

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Scopus citations

Abstract

The development of a stable CO2 sequestration material is an urgent need for effective CO2 capture applications. In this sense, the silica supported materials are envisaged as promising materials. In this work the synthesis of silica supported polyaminals (Si-PA-1 and Si-PA-2) by single step condensation is achieved and characterized by FT-IR and solid-state NMR spectral techniques. The surface morphology and crystallinity are studied using SEM and PXRD techniques. The BET surface of the Si-PA-1 and Si-PA-2 is around 155 m2/g which is demonstrated using N2 adsorption. The CO2 uptake for Si-PA-1 and Si-PA-2 are observed around 45 mg/g. The high selectivity of CO2 over N2 (180.6) and considerable selectivity of CO2 over CH4 (38.7) are observed. Two types of adsorption isotherm models (Langmuir and Freundlich model) are used to evaluate isotherm parameters. Thermodynamic parameters such as Gibb's free energy, change in enthalpy and entropy are calculated from Van't Hoff equation and these results suggest that the adsorption is spontaneous and exothermic process. The physical interaction between Si-PAs and CO2 is confirmed by the heat of adsorption (37-22 KJ/mol) evaluated from Clausius–Clapeyron equation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)8534-8541
Number of pages8
JournalChemistrySelect
Volume4
Issue number29
DOIs
StatePublished - 7 Aug 2019
Externally publishedYes

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2019 Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim

Keywords

  • Adsorption models
  • Carbon dioxide sequestration
  • NMR spectroscopy
  • Silica nanoparticles
  • Thermodynamic parameters

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