TY - GEN

T1 - Segmental modeling using a continuous mixture of non-parametric models

AU - Goldberger, J.

AU - Burshtein, David

AU - Franco, Horacio

N1 - Place of conference:Greece

PY - 1999

Y1 - 1999

N2 - A major limitation of hidden Markov model (HMM) based automatic speech recognition is the inherent assumption that successive observations within a state are independent and identically distributed (i.i.d.). The i.i.d. assumption is reasonable for some of the states (e.g., a state that corresponds to a steady state vowel). However, most states clearly violate this assumption (e.g., states corresponding to vowel-consonant transition, diphthongs, etc.) and are in fact characterized by a highly correlated and nonstationary speech signal. Previous alternative models have been proposed, that attempt to describe the dynamics of the signal within a phonetic unit. The new approach is generally known by the name segmental modeling, since the speech signal is modeled on a segment level base and not on a frame base (such as HMM). We propose a family of new segmental models that are composed of two elements. The first element is a nonparametric representation of the mean and variance trajectories, and the second is some parameterized transformation (e.g., random shift) of the trajectory that is global to the entire segment. The new model is in fact a continuous mixture of segment trajectories. We present recognition results on a large vocabulary task, and compare the model to alternative segment models on a triphone recognition task

AB - A major limitation of hidden Markov model (HMM) based automatic speech recognition is the inherent assumption that successive observations within a state are independent and identically distributed (i.i.d.). The i.i.d. assumption is reasonable for some of the states (e.g., a state that corresponds to a steady state vowel). However, most states clearly violate this assumption (e.g., states corresponding to vowel-consonant transition, diphthongs, etc.) and are in fact characterized by a highly correlated and nonstationary speech signal. Previous alternative models have been proposed, that attempt to describe the dynamics of the signal within a phonetic unit. The new approach is generally known by the name segmental modeling, since the speech signal is modeled on a segment level base and not on a frame base (such as HMM). We propose a family of new segmental models that are composed of two elements. The first element is a nonparametric representation of the mean and variance trajectories, and the second is some parameterized transformation (e.g., random shift) of the trajectory that is global to the entire segment. The new model is in fact a continuous mixture of segment trajectories. We present recognition results on a large vocabulary task, and compare the model to alternative segment models on a triphone recognition task

UR - https://scholar.google.co.il/scholar?q=Segmental+modeling+using+a+continuous+mixture+of+non-parametric+models&btnG=&hl=en&as_sdt=0%2C5

M3 - Conference contribution

BT - EuroSpeech

ER -