Secure two-party computation over unreliable channels

Ran Gelles, Anat Paskin-Cherniavsky, Vassilis Zikas

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionpeer-review

Abstract

We consider information-theoretic secure two-party computation in the plain model where no reliable channels are assumed, and all communication is performed over the binary symmetric channel (BSC) that flips each bit with fixed probability. In this reality-driven setting we investigate feasibility of communication-optimal noise-resilient semi-honest two-party computation i.e., efficient computation which is both private and correct despite channel noise. We devise an information-theoretic technique that converts any correct, but not necessarily private, two-party protocol that assumes reliable channels, into a protocol which is both correct and private against semi-honest adversaries, assuming BSC channels alone. Our results also apply to other types of noisy-channels such as the elastic-channel. Our construction combines tools from the cryptographic literature with tools from the literature on interactive coding, and achieves, to our knowledge, the best known communication overhead. Specifically, if f is given as a circuit of size s, our scheme communicates O(s+ κ) bits for κ a security parameter. This improves the state of the art (Ishai et al., CRYPTO’ 11) where the communication is O(s) + poly (κ· depth (s)).

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationSecurity and Cryptography for Networks - 11th International Conference, SCN 2018, Proceedings
EditorsDario Catalano, Roberto De Prisco
PublisherSpringer Verlag
Pages445-463
Number of pages19
ISBN (Print)9783319981123
DOIs
StatePublished - 2018
Event11th International Conference on Security and Cryptography for Networks, SCN 2018 - Amalfi, Italy
Duration: 5 Sep 20187 Sep 2018

Publication series

NameLecture Notes in Computer Science (including subseries Lecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence and Lecture Notes in Bioinformatics)
Volume11035 LNCS
ISSN (Print)0302-9743
ISSN (Electronic)1611-3349

Conference

Conference11th International Conference on Security and Cryptography for Networks, SCN 2018
Country/TerritoryItaly
CityAmalfi
Period5/09/187/09/18

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2018, Springer Nature Switzerland AG.

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