## Abstract

In this paper, we study secure distributed algorithms that are nearly optimal, with respect to running time, for the given input graph G. Roughly speaking, an algorithm is secure if the nodes learn only their final output while gaining no information on the input (or output) of other nodes. A graph theoretic framework for secure distributed computation was recently introduced by the authors (SODA 2019). This framework is quite general and it is based on a new combinatorial structure called private neighborhood trees : a collection of n trees T(u_{1}), , T(u_{n}) such that each tree T(u_{i}) spans the neighbors of u_{i} without going through u_{i}. Intuitively, each tree T(u_{i}) allows all neighbors of u_{i} to exchange a secret that is hidden from u_{i}. The efficiency of the framework depends on two key parameters of these trees: their depth and the amount of overlap. In a (d,c)-private neighborhood trees each tree T(u_{i}) has depth O(d) and each edge e G appears in at most O(c) different trees. An existentially optimal construction of private neighborhood trees with d=O(Δ D) and c= (D) was presented therein. We make two key contributions: Universally Optimal Private Trees: We show a combinatorial construction of nearly (universally) optimal (d,c)-private neighborhood trees with d + c= (OPT(G)) for any input graph G. Perhaps surprisingly, we show that OPT(G) is equal to the best depth possible for these trees even without the congestion constraint. We also present efficient distributed constructions of these private trees. Optimal Secure Computation: Using the optimal constructions above, we get a secure compiler for distributed algorithms where the overhead for each round is (poly(Δ) OPT(G)). As our second key contribution, we design an optimal compiler with an overhead of merely (OPT(G)) per round for a class of "simple" algorithms. This class includes many standard distributed algorithms such as Luby-MIS, the standard logarithmic-round algorithms for matching and Δ + 1-coloring, as well as the computation of aggregate functions.

Original language | English |
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Title of host publication | PODC 2019 - Proceedings of the 2019 ACM Symposium on Principles of Distributed Computing |

Publisher | Association for Computing Machinery |

Pages | 107-116 |

Number of pages | 10 |

ISBN (Electronic) | 9781450362177 |

DOIs | |

State | Published - 16 Jul 2019 |

Externally published | Yes |

Event | 38th ACM Symposium on Principles of Distributed Computing, PODC 2019 - Toronto, Canada Duration: 29 Jul 2019 → 2 Aug 2019 |

### Publication series

Name | Proceedings of the Annual ACM Symposium on Principles of Distributed Computing |
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### Conference

Conference | 38th ACM Symposium on Principles of Distributed Computing, PODC 2019 |
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Country/Territory | Canada |

City | Toronto |

Period | 29/07/19 → 2/08/19 |

### Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:© 2019 ACM.

## Keywords

- Distributed algorithms
- Multi-party computation
- Private neighborhood trees
- Secure computation