Sea Level Changes and the Locations of the ‘Missing’ Hellenistic and Roman Harbours at Tel Dor, Israel

Assaf Yasur-Landau, Anthony Tamberino, Ehud Arkin Shalev, Roey Nickelsberg, Marko Runjajić, Gilad Shtienberg, Gil Gambash, Ruth Shahack-Gross, Thomas E. Levy

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations


Where are the harbour structures of the thriving Hellenistic and Roman city of Dor? Recent underwater and coastal surveys and excavations, together with geoarchaeological and geophysical studies, provide strong evidence of the devastating impact of a sea level rise in Hellenistic Dor, as well as of recovery and renewed resilience in the Roman Period. This evidence includes two previously unknown new harbour installations: a very large maritime structure, tentatively identified as a Roman quay (in the North Bay), and a Hellenistic coastal fortification system protecting an anchorage (in the South Bay).

Translated title of the contributionالتغيرات في مستوى سطح البحر ومواقع الموانئ الهلينستية والرومانية ‘المفقودة’ في تل دور، إسرائيل
Original languageEnglish
JournalInternational Journal of Nautical Archaeology
StateAccepted/In press - 2024
Externally publishedYes

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2024 The Author(s). Published by Informa UK Limited, trading as Taylor & Francis Group.


The new data from the environs of Tel Dor presented here are a research product of the underwater excavations and coastal surveys directed by A. Yasur-Landau and T. E. Levy (in 2018–22), as part of a collaboration between the Tel Dor Underwater Excavations Project of the University of California, San Diego, and the University of Haifa Koret Foundation as well as a part of the Tel Dor Joint Expedition; and by a land excavation directed by R. Shahack-Gross (in 2022). We are grateful to the RIMS Maritime Workshop, headed by A. Yurman and M. Bachar. We would like to express our gratitude to the National Parks Authority and to Y. Uzan, site manager of Tel Dor National Park, for his extensive ongoing cooperation and assistance, and to Y. Bordowitz for facilitating the permit process. We would like to thank additional members of the underwater team: T. Sokolsky (registrar and lab director), A. Pietraszek and S. Kreines (shift supervisors), S. McAvoy, L. Clark and J. Reese (mapping and modelling by UCSD). This study was financed by a Koret Foundation grant (Grant ID, 190295 P.I. T. E. Levy) and grants from the Israel Science Foundation (Grant ID 495/18 P.I. A. Yasur-Landau for the Maritime Interface in the Bronze and Iron Ages: An Underwater Study of Tel Dor Anchorages and Harbor Infrastructure Project; Grant ID 697/20 P.I. R. Shahack-Gross).

FundersFunder number
University of Haifa Koret Foundation
Koret Foundation
University of California, San Diego
Israel Science Foundation


    • Hellenistic harbour
    • Roman harbour
    • Tel Dor
    • sea levels


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