Scripturalist and Traditionalist Theology

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The chapter deals with two important approaches in Islamic theology, defining the terms that apply to these two trends and elucidating their main teachings. Scripturalist theology characterizes small groups in Islam which finally disappeared in the Middle Ages, however, leaving some traces on other theological schools. Contrary to the disappearance of the scripturalist theology, the traditionalist theology has remained the core of Islamic theology. It was a flexible theology that used both the Qurʾān and the Sunna and rational considerations. Through these two devices it challenged the rationalist theology and tried to refute both the rationalist methods and specific theological issues based on reason.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationThe Oxford Handbook of Islamic Theology
EditorsSabine Schmidtke
Place of PublicationOxford
PublisherOxford University Press Oxford
Number of pages17
ISBN (Electronic)9780191756924
ISBN (Print)9780199696703
StatePublished - 2016

Bibliographical note



  • scripturalism
  • traditionalism
  • rationalism
  • Ẓāhirīs
  • Ibn Ḥazm
  • taqlīd
  • qiyās
  • Mutakallimūn
  • Muʿtazilites


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