Science in the Jewish communities of the Byzantine cultural Orbit: New perspectives

Y. Tzvi Langermann

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterpeer-review

6 Scopus citations

Abstract

Enormous problems of a very basic sort confront the historian who would write a chapter on science in the Byzantine Jewish communities. What temporal and geographical bounds define Byzantium? Even the most preliminary investigation – and the present study claims to be no more than a very initial probing – reveals that the conventional boundaries employed in political history, for example, are not applicable. The Near East, from Syria to Egypt, was Byzantine until the Muslim conquests of the eighth century. Some seminal texts of medieval Hebrew science were (with varying degrees of probability) produced in those regions while they were under Byzantine rule, and the Greek language was widely known, even if it was not the everyday speech of Jews: These texts include Pirqei de-Rabbi Eliezer, Baraitha di-Mazzalot, Sefer ʾAsaf, and perhaps even Sefer Yeṣirah. Yet none of these texts can be considered to belong to the corpus of writings that compose, if I may call it such, “classical” Byzantine-Jewish science – by which I mean the activity of Mordechai Komatiano and other persons who flourished in the fourteenth and fifteenth centuries. Those figures are every bit as remote from those early texts as were their contemporary co-religionists in the Iberian peninsula or southern France. On the other hand, there seems to be no good reason to stop talking about Byzantine science after 1453. The work of people such as R. Elijah Mizraḥi, even if carried out after Constantinople had been under Ottoman rule for some time, appears to all intents and purposes to be a continuation of the Byzantine tradition.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationScience in Medieval Jewish Cultures
PublisherCambridge University Press
Pages438-453
Number of pages16
ISBN (Electronic)9780511976575
ISBN (Print)9781107001459
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Jan 2012

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© Cambridge University Press 2011.

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