School violence and theoretically atypical schools: The principal's centrality in orchestrating safe schools

Ron Avi Astor, Rami Benbenishty, Jose Nuñez Estrada

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

91 Scopus citations

Abstract

Theories often assume that schools in communities with high violence also have high rates of school violence, yet there are schools with very low violence in high violence communities. Organizational variables within these schools may buffer community influences. Nine "atypical" schools are selected from a national database in Israel. Three years of intense qualitative and quantitative methods are employed at these schools. The most important variable found is the leadership of the principal. These schools emphasize a school reform approach rather than packaged school violence evidence-based programs. The schools demonstrate "outward" oriented ideologies, a schoolwide awareness of violence, consistent procedures, integrated use of cultural and religious symbols, visual manifestations of student care, and the beautification of school grounds.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)423-461
Number of pages39
JournalAmerican Educational Research Journal
Volume46
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 2009

Keywords

  • Case study
  • Culture
  • Mixed-method design
  • School reform
  • School violence

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'School violence and theoretically atypical schools: The principal's centrality in orchestrating safe schools'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this