Scaling of horizontal and vertical fixational eye movements

Jin Rong Liang, Shay Moshel, Ari Z. Zivotofsky, Avi Caspi, Ralf Engbert, Reinhold Kliegl, Shlomo Havlin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

31 Scopus citations

Abstract

Eye movements during fixation of a stationary target prevent the adaptation of the visual system to continuous illumination and inhibit fading of the image. These random, involuntary, small movements are restricted at long time scales so as to keep the target at the center of the field of view. Here we use detrended fluctuation analysis in order to study the properties of fixational eye movements at different time scales. Results show different scaling behavior between horizontal and vertical movements. When the small ballistic movements, i.e., microsaccades, are removed, the scaling exponents in both planes become similar. Our findings suggest that microsaccades enhance the persistence at short time scales mostly in the horizontal component and much less in the vertical component. This difference may be due to the need for continuously moving the eyes in the horizontal plane, in order to match the stereoscopic image for different viewing distances.

Original languageEnglish
Article number031909
JournalPhysical Review E
Volume71
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 2005

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