Salafi-Jihadi Online Communication in Israel: Forging a Community Through an "Enclave" Mindset

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The article explores the ways in which online posting by contemporary Salafi-jihadis in Israel create an enclave mentality that serves to transform Salafi-jihadis into an insular community. Because Salafi-jihadis can no longer by law advocate active jihad on social media in Israel, their posts focus on three Islamic legal themes: The dichotomy between God's devotees and God's enemies; the untrustworthiness of Muslim rulers, official Muslim scholars, and "impious"Muslim associations like the Muslim Brothers; and the obligation to apply the doctrine of takfīr against Muslims and deviant Muslim rulers. Although seemingly innocuous, social media posts encourage Salafi-jihadis to take actions that result in their segregation from other Muslims in Israel, particularly Salafi-Taqlidis, and, at the same time, create and maintain a networked community of like-minded individuals willing to implement the Salafi-jihadi creed when the time is ripe.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)276-316
Number of pages41
JournalIslamic Law and Society
Issue number3
StatePublished - 2023

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© ELI ALSHECH, 2023.


  • Israel
  • Jihad
  • Salafiyya Jihadiyya
  • Social Media
  • Takfīr
  • al-Walā' wa-l-Barā'


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