Russian Influence Campaigns Against NATO in the Baltic Region: Spread of Chaos and Divide et Impera

Pnina Shuker, Lev Topor

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterpeer-review

2 Scopus citations


The Baltic region is of great importance to past and present global powers. The argument of this article is that while NATO poses a traditional military threat to Russia and its activities in the Baltic region, Russia resists that threat not solely with traditional military means but with a smart utilization of information warfare, which includes cyberattacks and influence campaigns, combined with sharp power. The Russian spread of propaganda and chaos in the Baltics keeps NATO members apart while also preventing unwanted military escalation with the West. The case of Russian hybrid warfare against NATO in the Baltic region illustrates that soft power measures, such as the spread of fake news and the use of bots and trolls on social networks can be used effectively to resist international military alliances.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationContributions to International Relations
PublisherSpringer Nature
Number of pages20
StatePublished - 2021

Publication series

NameContributions to International Relations
ISSN (Print)2731-5061
ISSN (Electronic)2731-507X

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© The Author(s), under exclusive license to Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2021.


  • Baltic region
  • Influence campaigns
  • Information warfare
  • NATO
  • Russia


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