Impairments in cognitive processes have been theorized to play a critical role in rumination, a well-established risk factor for depression. In this review, we outline central theories that present cognitive impairments as causal contributors to ruminative thinking and review relevant findings from cross-sectional and prospective studies. We then focus on experimental evidence gathered within the paradigm of cognitive bias modification (CBM). Although CBM has generated considerable interest in relation to anxiety and depression, it has only recently emerged in the field of rumination. After considering the purpose and possible advantages of CBM procedures, we review CBM work related to rumination and discuss key limitations and implications within this developing area of research. Among our recommendations, we outline ways to contrast and integrate cognitive theories of rumination, as well as to obtain stronger bias modification procedures.
|Number of pages||19|
|Journal||Clinical Psychological Science|
|State||Published - 1 Apr 2015|
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This work was supported by a grant from the Israel Science Foundation (ISF 1519/13) awarded to Nilly Mor.
© The Author(s) 2014.
- Cognitive bias modification
- Cognitive control