Room-temperature detection of mobile impurities in compound semiconductors by transient ion drift

Igor Lyubomirsky, M. K. Rabinal, David Cahen

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We show that the transient ion drift (TID) method, which is based on recording junction capacitance under constant reverse bias [A. Zamouche, T. Heiser, and A. Mesli, Appl. Phys. Lett. 66, 631 (1995)], can be used not only for measurements of the diffusion coefficient of mobile impurities, but also to estimate the concentration of mobile species as part of the total dopant density. This is illustrated for CdTe, contaminated by Cu, and intentionally doped by Li or Ag and for CuInSe2. We show also that, with some restrictions, the TID method can be used if the mobile ions are major dopants. This is demonstrated using Schottky barriers on CdTe, and p-n junction devices in (Hg,Cd)Te, and CuInSe2. The values that we obtain for the diffusion coefficients (for Li, Ag, and Cu in CdTe and for Cu in CuInSe2) agree well with measured or extrapolated values, obtained by other methods, as reported in the literature. Furthermore, we could distinguish between diffusion and chemical reactions of dopants, as demonstrated for the case of Cu in CdTe and Ag-doped (Hg,Cd)Te. In the former case this allows us to separate copper-free from contaminated CdTe samples.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)6684-6691
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Applied Physics
Issue number10
StatePublished - 15 May 1997
Externally publishedYes


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