Robust Room-Temperature NO2Sensors from Exfoliated 2D Few-Layered CVD-Grown Bulk Tungsten Di-selenide (2H-WSe2)

Abderrahim Moumen, Rajashree Konar, Dario Zappa, Eti Teblum, Ilana Perelshtein, Ronit Lavi, Sharon Ruthstein, Gilbert Daniel Nessim, Elisabetta Comini

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

45 Scopus citations

Abstract

We report a facile and robust room-temperature NO2 sensor fabricated using bi- and multi-layered 2H variant of tungsten di-selenide (2H-WSe2) nanosheets, exhibiting high sensing characteristics. A simple liquid-assisted exfoliation of 2H-WSe2, prepared using ambient pressure chemical vapor deposition, allows smooth integration of these nanosheets on transducers. Three sensor batches are fabricated by modulating the total number of layers (L) obtained from the total number of droplets from a homogeneous 2H-WSe2 dispersion, such as ∼2L, ∼5-6L, and ∼13-17L, respectively. The gas-sensing attributes of 2H-WSe2 nanosheets are investigated thoroughly. Room temperature (RT) experiments show that these devices are specifically tailored for NO2 detection. 2L WSe2 nanosheets deliver the best rapid response compared to ∼5-6L or ∼13-17L. The response of 2L WSe2 at RT is 250, 328, and 361% to 2, 4, and 6 ppm NO2, respectively. The sensor showed nearly the same response toward low NO2 concentration even after 9 months of testing, confirming its remarkable long-term stability. A selectivity study, performed at three working temperatures (RT, 100, and 150 °C), shows high selectivity at 150 and 100 °C. Full selectivity toward NO2 at RT confirms that 2H-WSe2 nanosheet-based sensors are ideal candidates for NO2 gas detection.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)4316-4329
Number of pages14
JournalACS applied materials & interfaces
Volume13
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - 27 Jan 2021

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2021 American Chemical Society. All rights reserved.

Keywords

  • 2H-WSe
  • NO
  • nanosheets
  • response
  • room-temperature
  • selectivity

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