We propose the space of axis-aligned deformations as the meaningful space for content-aware image retargeting. Such deformations exclude local rotations, avoiding harmful visual distortions, and they are parameterized in 1D. We show that standard warping energies for image retargeting can be minimized in the space of axis-aligned deformations while guaranteeing that bijectivity constraints are satisfied, leading to high-quality, smooth and robust retargeting results. Thanks to the 1D parameterization, our method only requires solving a small quadratic program, which can be done within a few milliseconds on the CPU with no precomputation overhead. We demonstrate how the image size and the saliency map can be changed in real time with our approach, and present results on various input images, including the RETARGETME benchmark. We compare our results with six other algorithms in a user study to demonstrate that the space of axis-aligned deformations is suitable for the problem at hand.
|Number of pages
|Computer Graphics Forum
|Published - 2012
|33rd Annual Conference on European Association for Computer Graphics, EUROGRAPHICS 2012 - Cagliari, Sardinia, Italy
Duration: 13 May 2012 → 18 May 2012