Risk factors for psychological distress during the COVID-19 pandemic in Israel: Loneliness, age, gender, and health status play an important role

Danny Horesh, Rony Kapel Lev-Ari, Ilanit Hasson-Ohayon

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

167 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objective: Research on the psychological toll of the COVID-19 pandemic is being conducted in various countries. This study aimed to examine risk factors for mental health problems among Israeli adults during this crisis. Methods: A total of 204 participants took part in the study. They completed self-report questionnaires assessing perceived stress, anxiety, quality of life, and various questions related to quarantine, pre-existing health issues, and worries related to the virus. The study took place during the last two weeks of March 2020. Results: The majority of participants reported relatively high levels of perceived stress and corona-related worries, but low levels of anxiety. Female gender, younger age, corona-related loneliness, and pre-existing chronic illness were all related to higher levels of psychological distress and lower levels of quality of life. Conclusions: While considering the preliminary nature of these results, the current study highlights risk factors for psychological distress in light of the corona pandemic. Attention should be given to sociodemographic variables that were identified as related to psychological distress, as well as to the important role of loneliness, when screening and treating people during this crisis. More research is needed in order to fully understand the scope and correlates of psychological difficulties during these challenging times.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)925-933
Number of pages9
JournalBritish Journal of Health Psychology
Volume25
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Nov 2020

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2020 The British Psychological Society

Keywords

  • COVID-19
  • pandemic
  • quality of life
  • risk factors
  • stress

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Risk factors for psychological distress during the COVID-19 pandemic in Israel: Loneliness, age, gender, and health status play an important role'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this