Equity in education implies that personal conditions should not interfere with the academic potential. Moreover, equitable education lies the foundation for social-cohesiveness. The research objective is twofold. First, it examines (in)equity using Educational-Gini, at the student level, from an overall nation view, and cross-sectioned by gender, ethnicity, and residency. Second, it analyses the trends of (in)equity in the years 2001-2011. Israel serves as an interesting case-study. It strives to achieve equity, yet, its student achievement distribution is characterized by large gaps. Findings reveal (in)equity is higher among male, minority, and students from periphery. Moreover, (in)equity increases along the examined years.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
The authors thankfully acknowledge receipt of a grant from the National Insurance Institute, Research and Planning Administration, Research Fund, Israel , in support of this research.
© 2019 Elsevier Ltd
- Academic Achievement
- Achievement Gap