Review on electrode-electrolyte solution interactions, related to cathode materials for Li-ion batteries

Doron Aurbach, Boris Markovsky, Gregory Salitra, Elena Markevich, Yossi Talyossef, Maxim Koltypin, Linda Nazar, Brian Ellis, Daniella Kovacheva

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

593 Scopus citations


In this paper we review some critical aspects related to interactions between cathode materials and electrolyte solutions in lithium-ion batteries. Previous results are briefly summarized, together with the presentation of new results. This review deals with the basic anodic stability of commonly-used electrolyte solutions for Li-ion batteries (mostly based on alkyl carbonate solvents). We discuss herein the surface chemistry of the following cathode materials: LiCoO2, V2O5, LiMn2O4, LiMn1.5Ni0.5O4, LiMn0.5Ni0.5O2, and LiFePO4. The methods applied included solution studies by ICP, Raman, X-ray photoelectron and FTIR spectroscopies, and electron microscopy, all in conjunction with electrochemical techniques. General phenomena are the possible dissolution of transition metal ions from these materials, which leads to changes in the active mass and a retardation in the electrode kinetics due to the formation of blocking surface films. These phenomena are significant mostly at elevated temperatures and in electrolyte solutions containing acidic species. Water-contaminated LiPF6 solutions can reach a high concentration of acidic species (e.g., HF), which is detrimental to the performance of materials such as LiCoO2 and LiFePO4. Both LiMn1.5Ni0.5O4 and LiMn0.5Ni0.5O2, even when used as nanomaterials, show a high stability in commonly-used electrolyte solutions at high temperatures. This stability is attributed to unique surface chemistry that is correlated to the presence of Ni ions in the lattice.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)491-499
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Power Sources
Issue number2
StatePublished - 20 Mar 2007


  • Capacity fading
  • Cathodes
  • Electrolyte solutions
  • Impedance
  • Surface chemistry


Dive into the research topics of 'Review on electrode-electrolyte solution interactions, related to cathode materials for Li-ion batteries'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this