Retrieval of surface roughness parameters of bare soil from the radar satellite data

L. Vulfson, A. Genis, D. G. Blumberg, M. Sprintsin, A. Kotlyar, V. Freilikher, J. Ben-Asher

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

The objective of this study was to develop a method to determine root mean square (RMS) height h of the surface roughness using single-channel data from the European remote-sensing satellite-2 (ERS-2) synthetic aperture radar (SAR) for known soil texture and water content. Accordingly, a new equation for the determination of h was obtained, which required combining two models: a semi-empirical model of vertically co-polarized mode backscattering coefficient σvv0 for bare soil; a semi-empirical model for the real part of dielectric constant ε and the empirical equation deriving the roughness correlation length l from h. The equation allowed calculating h for ERS-2 SAR data on natural bare smooth flat sandy and loessy areas of the Negev desert (Israel) for the dry, wet and artificially wetted conditions. It was found that the roughness of soil was typically small (h < 0.5 cm) and remained constant throughout the whole annual wetting cycle. Corresponding formulas were developed and applied for the determination of absolute and relative errors of retrieved h. It was shown that the relative error in retrieving of h was almost independent of its value. The values of h obtained from ERS-2 SAR data showed acceptable correlation with the ground measurements.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)77-84
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Arid Environments
Volume87
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 2012

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This work was supported by the Israel's Ministry of Science and Technology grant 3-4766 to the Katif Research Center for the Development of Coastal Deserts. The study was partially supported by a grant from the Israel's Ministry of Science, the Bundesministerium für Bildung und Forschung (BMBF) , by State and Federal funds allocated under GLOWA project. In addition, a number of images were made available by the European Space Agency grant for provision of archival images.

Funding

This work was supported by the Israel's Ministry of Science and Technology grant 3-4766 to the Katif Research Center for the Development of Coastal Deserts. The study was partially supported by a grant from the Israel's Ministry of Science, the Bundesministerium für Bildung und Forschung (BMBF) , by State and Federal funds allocated under GLOWA project. In addition, a number of images were made available by the European Space Agency grant for provision of archival images.

FundersFunder number
Israel's Ministry of Science
Israel's Ministry of Science and Technology3-4766
Bundesministerium für Bildung und Forschung

    Keywords

    • Arid ecosystem
    • Soil surface
    • Soil water content
    • Synthetic aperture radar

    Fingerprint

    Dive into the research topics of 'Retrieval of surface roughness parameters of bare soil from the radar satellite data'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

    Cite this