Responses to cortical spreading depression under oxygen deficiency

J. Sonn, A. Mayevsky

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

11 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objectives: The effect of cortical spreading depression (CSD) on extracellular K + concentrations ([K +] e), cerebral blood flow (CBF), mitochondrial NADH redox state and direct current (DC) potential was studied during normoxia and three pathological conditions: hypoxia, after NOS inhibition by L-NAME and partial ischemia. Methods: A special device (MPA) was used for monitoring CSD wave propagation, containing: mitochondrial NADH re-dox state and reflected light, by a fluorometry technique; DC potential by Ag/AgCl electrodes; CBF by laser Doppler flowmetry; and [K +] e by a mini-electrode. Results and Discussion: 1. CSD under the 3 pathological conditions caused an initial increase in NADH and a further decrease in CBF during the first phase of CSD, indicating an imbalance between oxygen supply and demand as a result of the increase in oxygen requirements. 2. The hyperperfusion phase in CBF was significantly reduced during hypoxia and ischemia showing a further decline in oxygen supply during CSD. 3. CSD wave duration increased during the pathological conditions, showing a disturbance in energy production. 4. Extracellular K + levels during CSD, increased to identical levels during normoxia and during the three pathological groups, indicating correspondingly increase in oxygen demand. 5. The special design of the MPA enabled identifying differences in the simultaneous responses of the measured parameters, which may indicate changes in the interrelation between oxygen demand, oxygen supply and oxygen balance during CSD propagation, under the conditions tested. 6. In conclusion, brain oxygenation was found to be a critical factor in the responses of the brain to CSD.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)6-17
Number of pages12
JournalOpen Neurology Journal
Volume6
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - 2012

Keywords

  • Brain oxygenation
  • Cerebral blood flow
  • Extracellular K
  • Hypoxia
  • Mitochondrial NADH
  • Nitric oxide synthase inhibition
  • Partial ischemia

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