Response to psychotic experiences: Impact of personality traits on perceived levels of distress

GROUP

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Abstract

Background: This study examined the influence of personality traits on (subclinical) positive symptom distress in patients with a psychotic disorder, their unaffected siblings and healthy controls. Methods: Data were obtained from the Genetic Risk and Outcome of Psychosis study (GROUP), a Dutch longitudinal multicenter cohort study. Data from 140 patients, 216 unaffected siblings and 102 healthy controls was available for baseline levels of Five Factor Model personality traits and frequency and distress due to psychotic experiences three years later, assessed with the Community Assessment of Psychic Experience questionnaire. Main effects of all five personality traits on symptom distress were investigated as well as moderating effects of Neuroticism, Extraversion and Openness on positive symptom frequency and positive symptom distress. Age, gender, symptom frequency and IQ were controlled for. Results: In both patients and siblings, the observed main effects of Neuroticism and Openness on (subclinical) positive symptom distress three years later either lost significance or had a very small effect size when controlling for covariates, mainly due to the correction for the effect of positive symptoms on personality traits at baseline. In both groups, levels of Openness at baseline moderated the association between positive symptom frequency and positive symptom distress three years later, in the direction that higher levels of Openness were associated with weaker associations between positive symptom frequency and - distress, even when covariates were controlled for. Discussion: The level of Openness to Experiences influences the perceived distress from (subclinical) positive symptoms in both patients and siblings.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)282-290
Number of pages9
JournalSchizophrenia Research
Volume267
DOIs
StatePublished - May 2024

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2024 The Authors

Keywords

  • Distress
  • Extraversion
  • Five Factor Model
  • Neuroticism
  • Openness to Experience
  • Personality
  • Psychosis
  • Psychotic experiences

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