Replacing Mancozeb with Alternative Fungicides for the Control of Late Blight in Potato

Yariv Ben Naim, Yigal Cohen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

Mancozeb (MZ) is a broadly used fungicide for the control of plant diseases, including late blight in potatoes caused by the oomycete Phytophthora infestans (Mont.) De Bary. MZ has been banned for agricultural use by the European Union as of January 2022 due to its hazards to humans and the environment. In a search for replacement fungicides, twenty-seven registered anti-oomycete fungicidal preparations were evaluated for their ability to mitigate the threat of this disease. Fourteen fungicides provided good control (≥75%) of late blight in potted potato and tomato plants in growth chambers. However, in Tunnel Experiment 1, only three fungicides provided effective control of P. infestans in potatoes: Cyazofamid (Ranman, a QiI inhibitor), Mandipropamid (Revus, a CAA inhibitor), and Oxathiapiprolin + Benthiavalicarb (Zorvek Endavia, an OSBP inhibitor + CAA inhibitor). In Tunnel Experiment 2, these three fungicides were applied at the recommended doses at 7-, 9-, and 21-day intervals, respectively, totaling 6, 4, and 2 sprays during the season. At 39 days post-inoculation (dpi), control efficacy increased in the following order: Zorvec Endavia > Ranman > Revus > Mancozeb. Two sprays of Zorvec Endavia were significantly more effective in controlling the blight than six sprays of Ranman or four sprays of Revus. We, therefore, recommend using these three fungicides as replacements for mancozeb for the control of late blight in potatoes. A spray program that alternates between these three fungicides may be effective in controlling the disease and also in avoiding the build-up of resistance in P. infestans to mandipropamid and oxathiapiprolin.

Original languageEnglish
Article number1046
JournalJournal of Fungi
Volume9
Issue number11
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 2023

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2023 by the authors.

Keywords

  • CAA fungicides
  • EU commission
  • Zorvec
  • cyazofamid
  • disease control
  • mancozeb non-renewal approval
  • mandipropamid
  • oomycetes
  • orondis
  • oxathiapiprolin
  • oxysterol binding proteins
  • tomato

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