Reliability and validity of a Spanish-language version of the multidimensional driving style inventory

Fernando M. Poó, Orit Taubman-Ben-Ari, Rubén D. Ledesma, Carlos M. Díaz-Lázaro

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

61 Scopus citations

Abstract

The Multidimensional Driving Style Inventory (MDSI) was originally built and validated in Israel to measure four broad dimensions of driving styles: Reckless, Angry, Anxious, and Careful. This research was designed to adapt and validate a Spanish version of the MDSI for the assessment of driving styles in Argentina, provide evidence for its external validity, and examine its proneness to social desirability responding. Two studies were conducted to fulfill these aims. Study 1 (n = 642) examined the MDSI's factor structure and internal consistency as well as item properties. It also tested the associations between the MDSI factors, on one hand, and socio-demographic variables and self-reported traffic crashes, on the other. Study 2 (n = 258) examined the relationship between driving styles and personality traits according to Zuckerman's Alternative Five-Factor Model. In addition, it explored socially desirable responding on the MDSI factors. Results from the two studies present convincing evidence for the validity and reliability of the MDSI, which has emerged as a useful tool for future research with Spanish speaking populations.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)75-87
Number of pages13
JournalTransportation Research Part F: Traffic Psychology and Behaviour
Volume17
DOIs
StatePublished - 2013

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This research was supported by a contribution from the World Bank’s Global Road Safety Facility and the Global Forum for Health Research through their grant facility to the Road Traffic Injuries Research Network (Agreements No. RTIRNWB-004d and RTIRNWB-005d). It also recived partial support from the Universidad Nacional de Mar del Plata and Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas (Argentina). We express our gratitude to these institutions for their support.

Keywords

  • Assessment
  • Driving style
  • Personality
  • Road crashes
  • Social desirability

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