Relaxing non-volatility for energy-efficient DMTJ based cryogenic STT-MRAM

Esteban Garzón, Raffaele De Rose, Felice Crupi, Lionel Trojman, Adam Teman, Marco Lanuzza

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

12 Scopus citations


Spin-transfer torque magnetic random-access memory (STT-MRAM) is considered as a premiere candidate for replacing conventional six-transistors static random-access memory (6T-SRAM) in processor caches. This paper explores STT-MRAMs based on double-barrier magnetic tunnel junction with two reference layers (DMTJ), while operating at cryogenic temperatures (77 K). To deal with large dynamc energy and long latency of write operation, we suggest to significantly relax the non-volatility requirement of DMTJ devices at room temperature by reducing the cross-section area, while maintaining the typical 10-years retention time at the target operating temperature. This leads the cryogenic DMTJ-based STT-MRAM to be more energy-efficient than its 6T-SRAM counterpart under both read and write operations, while exhibiting smaller area footprint.

Original languageEnglish
Article number108090
JournalSolid-State Electronics
StatePublished - Oct 2021

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2021 Elsevier Ltd


  • 77 K
  • Cryogenic computing
  • Double-barrier magnetic tunnel junction (DMTJ)
  • Thermal stability relaxation


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