Concerns raised by parents regarding their child’s development are compatible with the child’s final diagnosis of autism spectrum disorder. A better understanding of the relationship between parental concerns and a final diagnosis of autism spectrum disorder is therefore critical. In the current study, we compared the frequencies of parental concerns related to DSM-5 criteria for autism spectrum disorder between pair-matched groups with and without a final diagnosis of autism spectrum disorder and determined which parental concerns predicted a final diagnosis of autism spectrum disorder. The cohort included 80 participants (48–154 months of age, IQ > 70) assessed for a possible autism spectrum disorder diagnosis. Parental concerns were retrieved from the free-description portion of the introductory questions of the Autism Diagnostic Interview-Revised and analyzed to assess whether they corresponded to any of the seven DSM-5 criteria for ASD. The two groups only differed in the frequency of parental concerns relating to deficits in social–emotional reciprocity. Parents of children diagnosed with autism spectrum disorder were four times as likely to report deficits in social–emotional reciprocity. This finding highlights the significance of parental concerns regarding deficits in social–emotional reciprocity in predicting a final diagnosis of autism spectrum disorder.
Bibliographical notePublisher Copyright:
© 2023 by the authors.
- early and middle childhood
- parental concerns
- social–emotional reciprocity