Regulation of matrix metalloproteinase-9 (MMP-9), tissue inhibitor of MMP, and progesterone secretion in luteinized granulosa cells from normally ovulating women with polycystic ovary disease

Izhar Ben-Shlomo, Shlomit Goldman, Eliezer Shalev

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

17 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objective: To investigate the regulation of MMP-9, TIMP-1, and progesterone via three signal transduction pathways in luteinized granulosa cells from normal ovulatory and PCOD women. Design: In vitro study. Setting Laboratory for Research in Reproductive Sciences, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Ha'Emek Hospital, Afula, Israel. Patient(s): Ten normal ovulatory and 10 women with polycystic ovary disease (PCOD) treated in an assisted reproduction program. Intervention(s): Cultured cells were exposed to phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate (TPA), acting via protein kinase C (PKC), to epidermal growth factor (EGF), acting via protein tyrosine kinase (PTK), and to forskolin, acting via protein kinase A (PKA). Main outcome measure(s): Secretion of MMP-9, TIMP-1, and progesterone. Result(s): Phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate elicited an increase in MMP-9 and TIMP-1 secretion in both groups and apparently did not affect progesterone secretion. Epidermal growth factor did not change significantly neither MMP-9 nor TIMP-1 secretion but dose dependently decreased MMP-9-TIMP-1 ratio and increased progesterone secretion in the PCOD group. Forskolin inhibited MMP-9 activity and increased TIMP-1 and progesterone secretion in both groups. Progesterone production was inversely related to the ratio of MMP-9-TIMP-1 regardless of cell origin. Conclusion(s): In this preliminary study, similar and divergent patterns have emerged in the regulation of MMP-9 and TIMP-1 in human luteinized granulosa cells. Repressing MMP-9-TIMP-1 ratio may have an important modulatory effect on progesterone secretion.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)694-701
Number of pages8
JournalFertility and Sterility
Volume79
Issue number3 SUPPL. 1
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Mar 2003
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Luteinized granulosa cells
  • Matrix metalloproteinases
  • Polycystic ovary syndrome
  • Progesterone
  • Tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinase

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